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PHP 和 XML: 使用expat函数(二)宝马娱乐在线

文件:SimpleDocumentParser.php
<?php
/**
*=========================================================
*
* @author hahawen(大龄青年)
* @since 2004-12-04
* @copyright Copyright (c) 2004, NxCoder Group
*
*=========================================================
*/
/**
* class SimpleDocumentParser
* use SAX parse xml file, and build SimpleDocumentObject
* all this pachage's is work for xml file, and method is action as DOM.
*
* @package SmartWeb.common.xml
* @version 1.0
*/
class SimpleDocumentParser
{
private $domRootObject = null;
private $currentNO = null;
private $currentName = null;
private $currentValue = null;
private $currentAttribute = null;
public function getSimpleDocument()
{
return $this->domRootObject;
}
public function parse($file)
{
$xmlParser = xml_parser_create();
xml_parser_set_option($xmlParser,XML_OPTION_CASE_FOLDING, 0);
xml_parser_set_option($xmlParser,XML_OPTION_SKIP_WHITE, 1);
xml_parser_set_option($xmlParser, XML_OPTION_TARGET_ENCODING, 'UTF-8');
xml_set_object($xmlParser, $this);
xml_set_element_handler($xmlParser, "startElement", "endElement");
xml_set_character_data_handler($xmlParser, "characterData");
if (!xml_parse($xmlParser, file_get_contents($file)))
die(sprintf("XML error: %s at line %d", xml_error_string(xml_get_error_code($xmlParser)),
        xml_get_current_line_number($xmlParser)));
xml_parser_free($xmlParser);
}
private function startElement($parser, $name, $attrs)
{
$this->currentName = $name;
$this->currentAttribute = $attrs;
if($this->currentNO == null)
{
$this->domRootObject = new SimpleDocumentRoot($name);
$this->currentNO = $this->domRootObject;

 PHP 和 XML: 使用expat函数(二)
  让我们看一下实际处理这个文档的PHP代码。

/*NewsBoy : News system for the web written in PHP by Justin Grant (Web: jusgrant.cjb.net or justin.host.za.net Mail: justin@glendale.net)25 March V0.0.2 Converted Newsboy to a PHP class, allowing the layout to be easily modified. Also added made the HTML that is genrated a little easier to read.24 March V0.0.1 Just completed the intial version, very rough and basic.*/
class newsboy { var $xml_parser; var $xml_file; var $html; var $open_tag ; var $close_tag ;
//Class Constructor
function newsboy() { $this->xml_parser = ""; $this->xml_file = ""; $this->html = ""; $this->open_tag = array(
//these are the default settings but they are quite easy to modify
"NEWSBOY" => "nn", "STORY" => " ", "DATE" => "", "SLUG" => " ", "TEXT" => "", "PIC" => "", "NEWLINE" => "" ); $this->close_tag = array( "NEWSBOY" => "
nnn", "STORY" => "", "DATE" => "", "SLUG" => "
", "TEXT" => "n", "PIC" => " "
" ); }
//Class Destructor (has to be invoked manually as PHP does not support destructors)

function destroy() { xml_parser_free($this->xml_parser); }
//Class Members
function concat($str) { $this->html .= $str; }
function startElement($parser, $name, $attrs) { //global $open_tag; if ($format= $this->open_tag[$name]) { $this->html .= $format; } }
function endElement($parser, $name) { global $close_tag; if ($format= $this->close_tag[$name]) { $this->html .= $format; } }
function characterData($parser, $data) { $this->html .= $data; }
/* function PIHandler($parser, $target, $data) { //switch (strtolower($target)){ // case "php": eval($data); // break; //} }*/
function parse() { $this->xml_parser = xml_parser_create(); xml_set_object($this->xml_parser, &$this); // use case-folding so we are sure to find the tag in $map_array
xml_parser_set_option($this->xml_parser, XML_OPTION_CASE_FOLDING, true); xml_set_element_handler($this->xml_parser, "startElement", "endElement"); xml_set_character_data_handler($this->xml_parser, "characterData");//xml_set_processing_instruction_handler($this->xml_parser, "PIHandler");
if (!($fp = fopen($this->xml_file, "r"))) { die("could not open XML input"); } while ($data = fread($fp, 4096)) { if (!xml_parse($this->xml_parser, $data, feof($fp))) { die(sprintf("XML error: %s at line %d", xml_error_string(xml_get_error_code($this->xml_parser)), xml_get_current_line_number($this->xml_parser))); } } }}
?>


  在这个类的构造函数中,我创建了打开与关闭两个标记数组。数组的关键字与我后面将要分析的标记是
一样的,并且它们相应的值包含格式化打开与关闭标记的HTML代码。

  我定义了一个简单的类析构函数用来当我们不再需要它时释放XML 分析器。这个函数不得不手工调用,
因为PHP不支持当一个对象释放时自动调用类的析构函数。

  然后我定义了在XML文档中用来分析打开和关闭标记的主回调方法。我也定义了一个数据分析方法, 将
用于当打开和关闭标记中有数据时,对数据进行简单的格式化,后面我将向你演示如何将这些回调方法注册
到分析器中。

  在startElement和closeElement(当分析到一个打开或关闭标专时被分别调用)中使用 标记的名字
作为索引键值对相应的数组进行查询。如果那个键值存在,则返回值并且追加到类的'html' 属性的后面。
'html'属性将在以后我们真正显示文档内容的时候使用。

  characterData方法简单地将标记之间的值加到类的html属性的后面。

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